The Ultimate List of Franchise Types in 2024

The practice of franchising has been experiencing a surge in popularity. As of 2022, a staggering 800,000 franchise establishments were in operation, providing jobs for approximately 8.5 million individuals within the United States.

In essence, a franchise operates akin to a collaborative venture, wherein an individual gains the opportunity to manage their enterprise by leveraging the identity, offerings, and established systems of a more prominent organization. This arrangement substantially diminishes the risks faced by budding entrepreneurs, as they can capitalize on the preexisting trust and stability associated with the renowned brand.

Interestingly, a lesser-known fact for those embarking on their franchising journey is the sheer diversity of franchise business models available, each differing in its application and purpose.

Job Franchise

Job franchises are one of the most common types of franchise businesses.

These franchises are typically smaller scale and often home-based, requiring less initial investment than other franchise types. Examples of job franchises include carpet cleaning services, gardening, or mobile beauty services. The franchisee, in this case, is essentially buying a job or a business role. While it may not have the substantial infrastructure or physical presence of larger franchises, a job franchise offers individuals a turnkey opportunity to start a business, backed by the support and proven strategies of a larger organization. It is especially appealing to those who are looking to transition from traditional employment to entrepreneurship, but might not have the vast capital or experience needed for larger franchise undertakings.

What are the Common Examples of this Type of Franchises?

Under the umbrella of job franchising, various businesses flourish by offering specialized services. These ventures, often characterized by their scalability and flexibility, cater to niche markets and specific demands. Here are some common examples that exemplify the diverse range of opportunities within the job franchise landscape:

  • Cleaning services
  • Event planning
  • Plumbing
  • Pool maintenance
  • Residential lawn care

Is a Job franchising Right for you?

Considering a job franchise? It's essential to see if it matches your skills, goals, and budget. A person fit for a job franchise typically embodies these characteristics:

  • The desire to be your own boss and run your own business
  • A passion for working with people 
  • A commitment to providing excellent customer service
  • Expertise in a specific skill
  • The ability to manage day-to-day operations

Product Franchise

"Product Franchise" refers to a franchising agreement in which the franchisor sells the franchisee the right to sell a specific product or range of products. This type of franchise is common in industries like automotive, gas stations, and soft drink bottlers. In such an arrangement, the franchisee is essentially provided with the license to distribute a manufacturer's product. The manufacturer benefits by expanding its distribution without bearing the cost of additional outlets, while the franchisee can capitalize on the reputation and brand recognition of the established product. In most product franchise agreements, the franchisor also maintains a degree of control over how its products are marketed and sold, ensuring brand consistency across various outlets.

What are the Common Examples of Product Franchises?

Product franchises stand out by aligning with well-established brands, offering products that consumers already know and trust. These franchises benefit from a recognized identity and a ready market, thanks to the brand's reputation. Delve into the world of product franchising with these common examples that showcase its breadth and diversity.

  • car dealerships,
  • computer stores,
  • vending machines

Is Product Franchise Right for You?

Venturing into product franchising means aligning with a recognized brand, often leading to quicker returns on investment. However, with its benefits come unique challenges and responsibilities, making it essential to assess whether this business model complements your strengths, aspirations, and financial capacity. You’ll know product franchising is for you if you have: 

  • Interest in selling a specific product or product line
  • Experience in sales and distribution or are willing to learn
  • A strong network of potential customers and clients
  • The ability to invest in inventory and equipment

Business Format Franchise

This is the most comprehensive type of franchising and the one most familiar to the average person. In this arrangement, the franchisor provides the franchisee with not only a product, service, and trademark but also an entire system for operating the business. This system often includes detailed procedures, training, and support for various aspects of business operations. Popular examples include fast-food chains, fitness centers, and hotel chains. The franchisee benefits from the proven track record of the business, guidance in starting up, and ongoing support, while the franchisor expands its reach and brand presence. This mutual collaboration often results in a higher likelihood of success for the franchisee compared to starting a business from scratch.

What are the Common Examples fo Business Format Franchises?

"Business Format Franchises" encompass a wide array of industries and are ubiquitous in many parts of our daily lives. Some of the most recognizable and successful franchises fall under this category. Common examples include:

  • Fast-Food Chains
  • Fitness Centers
  • Hotel Chains
  • Retail Stores
  • Educational Services

Is a Business Format Franchise Right for You?

Although business format franchises are the most common, they might not be for everyone. You’ll know this franchise type is for you if you have: 

  • Strong management skills
  • An interest in the industry or service that the franchise offers
  • A willingness to follow the established systems and procedures of the franchisor
  • Financial stability and an upfront investment
  • Willingness to collaborate

This type of franchise can be found in many different business categories like retail, service and food service. 

Investment Franchise

An investment franchise is like a business format franchise, but it requires a lot more money to start. 

It pertains to a franchising model wherein the primary role of the franchisee is that of an investor. In this setup, the franchisee typically invests substantial capital to initiate and operate the business, but they may not be involved in the day-to-day operations. Instead, they often hire management teams or rely on the franchisor's operational system to run the enterprise. Common in sectors that require substantial capital outlays, like hotels or larger restaurant chains, the investment franchise model is suitable for individuals or entities with significant financial resources looking for investment opportunities with the added advantage of a proven business model and brand recognition. The value proposition here is the marriage of capital with a replicable, established business system, maximizing potential returns while mitigating some risks associated with independent ventures.

What are the Common Examples of Investment Franchsies?

"Investment Franchises" represent larger-scale business ventures that require substantial capital input and, as a result, often reap sizable returns. These franchises are typically not for the everyday entrepreneur but are tailored for individuals or entities with a significant investment capacity. Here are some common examples:

  • Hotels and Resorts
  • Large Restaurant Chains
  • Theme Parks and Entertainment Centers
  • Multi-unit Retail
  • Real Estate and Property Management

While these are just a few examples, investment franchises span various sectors and industries. The common thread is the significant capital requirement and the passive role of the investor in daily operations, leaning on established systems for operational success.

Is Investment Franchise Right For You?

This franchising model offers the allure of substantial returns and the privilege of associating with recognized brands. However, it also demands a considerable financial commitment and a level of detachment from day-to-day operations. So you’ll know investment franchising is right for you if you have:

  • A significant amount of capital available for a large initial investment
  • A strong interest in the industry or product
  • A desire to be a major investor in the business rather than an owner-operator
  • The ability to invest in a large territory or exclusive rights
  • A willingness to work with the franchisor to develop and grow the business

Industries like hospitality (hotels, spas), high-end automotive dealers (Lamborghini, Rolls Royce), and business consulting are common examples. 

Conversion Franchise

"Conversion Franchise" refers to a franchising model in which an existing, independently-owned business joins a larger franchise network, converting its brand and operations to that of the franchisor. This arrangement allows the business owner to leverage the established brand name, resources, and support systems of the franchise while benefiting the franchisor by expanding its footprint with minimal effort. For the business owner, it often presents a way to rejuvenate their operations, gain access to broader marketing and training resources, and potentially enhance profitability. However, it also means giving up a degree of autonomy and adhering to the franchisor's systems and guidelines. Common in industries like real estate, convenience stores, and service providers, conversion franchises offer a blend of entrepreneurial independence and franchising support.

What are the Common Examples of Conversion Franchises?

"Conversion Franchises" offer established independent business owners the opportunity to be a part of a larger network, tapping into its resources and brand reputation. This model is prevalent in several industries, and here are some common examples:

  • Real Estate Agencies
  • Convenience Stores
  • Automotive Services
  • Cleaning Services
  • Hair Salons

The allure of conversion franchising lies in the ability for existing businesses to maintain operations while embracing the advantages of a larger, proven franchise system. The transition can lead to enhanced visibility, streamlined operations, and increased revenue potential.

Is Conversion Franchise Right for You?

Deciding on a conversion franchise involves balancing the perks of a known brand with the value of independence. It's crucial to assess if this transition truly fits your business aspirations and vision. Conversion franchises are the right pick for you if you have:

  • An existing independent business
  • Willingness to adapt
  • Entrepreneurial spirit
  • A desire to expand and grow the business 
  • A commitment to providing excellent customer service

Remember, though, converting to a franchise location may also turn off some customers that were interested in the independent nature of your previous brand. 

Social Franchisin

A social franchise is a type of franchise in which you are aiming to achieve a social or environmental goal. This could be something like improving healthcare or promoting sustainable development. Instead of primarily focusing on profit generation, social franchising aims to expand the reach of proven social enterprise solutions to address widespread challenges in areas such as healthcare, education, and environmental conservation. By replicating successful models through a franchising framework, social franchises can rapidly scale up and deliver essential services in underserved or challenging regions. Franchisees, in this model, are driven by a dual mission: to generate enough revenue for sustainability and to create positive social impact. Through standardized practices, training, and support, social franchising offers a structured and replicable approach to tackle some of society's most pressing issues.

What are the Common Examples of Social Franchising?

"Social Franchising" is an innovative model that brings together the power of entrepreneurship and the passion for social change. Some common examples that highlight the versatility and potential of this approach include:

  • Healthcare Services
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Education
  • Clean Energy
  • Water and Sanitation

These examples underscore the potential of social franchising to scale successful models and amplify social impact in diverse sectors. Through collaboration and standardization, these franchises bridge gaps and deliver essential services to those who need them most.

This type of franchise is becoming more common in the non-profit and social enterprise sectors. Below are some common examples of social franchises:

Is Social Franchising Right For You?

Embarking on a social franchising journey combines the spirit of entrepreneurship with a passion for positive change. As you consider this avenue, it's essential to align your values with the broader mission and evaluate your willingness to merge profit and purpose, so you’ll need things like: 

  • An understanding of the social services sector
  • A desire to make a difference in the community 
  • A passion for social and/or environmental causes
  • Strong management skills

Often, a potential franchisee is already running a non-profit organization or social enterprise that is aligned with the same goal as the franchisor. Once joining, you are responsible for implementing the franchisor's established procedures and guidelines.

Management Franchise

It is a franchising model where the franchisee provides the management expertise and oversees the daily operations of the business, rather than being directly involved in the provision of the product or service itself. In this setup, the franchisee might invest in the business and recruit a team to run it. The franchisor, on the other hand, provides the business framework, brand, and operational support. This type of franchise is ideal for individuals or entities with strong managerial skills and experience, as the primary role revolves around managing teams, processes, and ensuring that the business adheres to the standards set by the franchisor. Common in larger-scale ventures like hotels or bigger retail establishments, the management franchise model capitalizes on the strengths of both the franchisor's brand and the franchisee's management prowess for mutual success.

What are the Common Examples of Management Franchises?

Management franchises center around individuals or entities that harness their managerial expertise to oversee and optimize business operations. Here are some common examples illustrating the diverse scope of this franchising approach:

  • Hotels and Lodging
  • Larger Retail Stores
  • Fitness Centers and Health Clubs
  • Restaurants and Fast-Food Chains
  • Car Rental Agencies

These examples spotlight the breadth of opportunities within the management franchise landscape. The central theme is the emphasis on managerial acumen, with franchisees orchestrating operations and driving success by leveraging the strengths of established brands.

Is Management Franchise Right for You?

Diving into the world of management franchising requires a keen sense for business operations and leadership. So, management franchises are the right fit for you if you have: 

  • Strong management and operational skills
  • Years of experience in managing, operating, and executing business strategies
  • An understanding of the franchising model
  • Ability to work independently

Manufacturer Franchise

This type of franchise primarily revolves around the manufacturing sector. The franchisee essentially gets the license to both produce the product and distribute it under the brand name of the franchisor. The benefit to the franchisor is the ability to expand production and distribution without incurring the direct capital expense of setting up manufacturing operations in new locations. The franchisee, on the other hand, gets the advantage of manufacturing a product that already has brand recognition and an established market presence, reducing some of the risks associated with introducing a new product. This model is prevalent in industries such as the automobile sector, where car dealers are granted the rights to sell a particular brand of vehicle.

What are the Common Examples of Manufacturer Franchises?

"Manufacturer Franchises" revolve around the production and sale of products under an established brand's name and trademark. Here are some illustrative examples of this model:

  • Automobiles
  • Beverages
  • Clothing and Apparel
  • Electronic Appliances
  • Food and Snacks

These examples underscore the manufacturer franchise model's power, enabling brands to expand production and reach without the direct capital costs of establishing new manufacturing plants or distribution networks in various regions.

Is Manufacture Franchise Right for You?

You know that manufacturer franchises are the right choice for you if you have: 

  • Strong sales and marketing skills
  • Experience in the industry
  • Entrepreneurial spirit
  • Willingness to adapt to franchisor's requirements

Another way to categorize the types of franchises

In the dynamic world of franchising, there are various ways to categorize franchise types, each offering unique opportunities and challenges. Understanding these categories, such as Traditional, Business, and Social Franchises, helps potential franchisees and franchisors align their business goals with the right model. This categorization not only simplifies the selection process but also highlights the diverse range of opportunities available in the franchising industry.

Traditional franchise

Traditional franchises are the most common form of franchising. In this model, the franchisor provides a licensed privilege to the franchisee to do business under their brand and trademark. The franchisor also provides the franchisee with an established business model, including marketing strategies, operational procedures, and often a comprehensive training program. This type of franchise is prevalent in fast-food chains, retail stores, and service industries. The franchisee benefits from the recognized brand name and support system, while the franchisor benefits from rapid expansion and a wider customer base.

Business Franchise

Business franchises focus more on the B2B (business-to-business) aspect. These franchises provide services or products to other businesses rather than directly to consumers. Examples include commercial cleaning services, printing services, and supply chain franchises. This model is attractive to entrepreneurs who prefer dealing with corporate clients and operating during regular business hours. Business franchises often require a deeper understanding of corporate needs and may demand a higher level of professionalism and business acumen compared to traditional consumer-facing franchises.

Social Franchise 

Social franchising is a relatively new and evolving concept. It combines the principles of traditional franchising with social objectives. The primary goal is not just profit, but also delivering positive social outcomes. These franchises are often found in sectors like health care, education, and environmental services. Social franchises aim to replicate successful social enterprise models to expand their reach and impact. This type of franchising is ideal for social entrepreneurs who are driven by a cause and are looking to scale their impact through a proven and sustainable business model.

Franchise Ownership Structures

In the diverse landscape of franchising, understanding the different ownership structures is crucial for both franchisors and franchisees. Choosing the right structure depends on factors like investment capabilities, desired control level, and operational preferences, making it a key decision in the franchise journey.

Company-owned, Company-operated (COCO)

In the COCO model, both ownership and operation of the outlets are managed by the franchisor company. This structure allows the franchisor to maintain complete control over the management, quality, and consistency of the outlets. It's often used in scenarios where brand experience and service quality are critical. However, this model requires significant capital and operational involvement from the franchisor.

Company-owned, Franchise-operated (COFO)

Under the COFO model, the franchisor owns the outlet but hands over the operation to a franchisee. This arrangement is beneficial for franchisors who want to expand quickly without significant capital expenditure. It allows franchisees to operate an already established outlet, reducing the risk and investment typically associated with starting a new business. The franchisor retains property control while benefiting from the franchisee's local market knowledge and operational focus.

Franchise-owned, Franchise-operated (FOFO)

The FOFO model is the most traditional form of franchising. Here, the franchisee owns and operates the outlet. This structure is ideal for franchisors looking to expand their brand without a substantial investment in new locations. It attracts entrepreneurs who wish to benefit from owning a business with a well-established brand and proven business model. However, the franchisor has less control over individual outlets, relying on franchise agreements to maintain brand consistency and quality.

Franchise-owned, Company-operated (FOCO)

In the FOCO model, the franchisee owns the outlet, but the franchisor company manages its operations. This structure is less common but can be effective in situations where the franchisor wants to ensure operational excellence and consistency across outlets, while the franchisee is willing to invest in the property without getting involved in the day-to-day operations. This model provides a balance of investment and control, allowing franchisees to benefit from the franchisor's operational expertise.

Different types of franchise agreements

There are several different ways a franchise agreement can be constructed. 

Single-unit franchises

Single-unit franchises are a type of franchise where you are granted the right to operate one location. The franchisor offers you the marketing, support, and training you require to succeed.

These franchises are typical in sectors like hospitality and retail.

Multi-unit franchises

Multi-unit franchises are similar; however, you are granted the right to operate multiple locations. This process can help ensure customers experience a certain level of consistency no matter where they visit.

Area development

Area development is a broad name for all types of franchises where you are given the right to develop a specific geographic area.  You do this by opening a certain number of franchise units over a certain period.

You would handle the development of the area as well as operating each unit.

Master franchise

A master franchise is a type of agreement where you are given the right to develop a specific area by recruiting, training, and supporting other franchisees in that area.

You represent the franchisor and you are in charge of growing the business. They provide you the essential instruction, promotion, and assistance to help them run the business successfully.


There is a lot to learn about the various franchise types, as you can see!

You'll be able to select the most corresponding type for you now that you have a solid grasp of what each procedure entails. Good luck!

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