What Is A Franchise? How This Model Can Launch Your Business

So you’re looking to start a business, but you don’t want to get caught up in establishing a brand name, logo, and product line completely from scratch. Maybe you’re wanting to break into a particularly saturated market (like fast food). The good news is you don’t have to start from nothing. You can buy into an existing business model called franchising. 

Franchising is essentially when a company or individual (the “franchisor”) grants another person or entity (the “franchisee”) the right to use its products, services, trademarks, logos, and processes to conduct business in exchange for fees or royalties. 

Franchising can be an attractive option for those looking to get into business ownership because it typically requires less capital than starting your own business from the ground up. It also provides entrepreneurs with access to an established brand and customer base, as well as support from the franchisor in terms of marketing, training, and guidance. 

And the best part of all - it works! In the US alone, the franchise industry is currently valued at over $825 billion. Let’s take a look at how you can get in on that action. 

What is a Franchise?

So, What Exactly Is Franchising?

We know you’re really interested in finding out what is a franchise and what this model could mean for your future business. The specifics will depend on your particular agreement, but the general idea is that the franchisor provides support with marketing, training materials, operational policies and procedures, accounting services, etc. In turn, you agree to pay fees or royalties, as well as follow certain brand standards. 

Exploring the Vital Role of Branding in Franchise Success

Franchising is intrinsically tied to brands. At its core, franchising offers entrepreneurs the opportunity to operate under a recognized brand name, leveraging its established reputation, marketing strategies, and operational systems. This brand recognition often provides franchisees with a competitive edge, offering instant trust and credibility in the eyes of consumers. In return, the franchisor benefits from increased brand presence, expanded market reach, and a steady stream of royalty income. Thus, a strong brand becomes the foundation of a successful franchising relationship, ensuring consistent customer experiences across all locations and reinforcing brand loyalty.

Franchising is About System & Support

Franchising is not just about leveraging a brand name; it's fundamentally rooted in systems and support. A successful franchise model provides a tried-and-true blueprint for business operations, ensuring uniformity and consistency across all franchise locations. This systematized approach removes much of the guesswork for franchisees, allowing them to focus on execution rather than invention. Furthermore, franchisors offer continuous support, encompassing training, marketing assistance, technology upgrades, and sometimes even financial guidance. This symbiotic relationship ensures that franchisees are never truly 'alone' in their business journey, benefiting from the collective knowledge and resources of the broader franchise network. In essence, the strength of franchising lies in its amalgamation of established systems with unwavering support.

What are Shared Responsibilities: You and the Franchisor in the Business Relationship

Shared responsibilities in a franchisor-franchisee business relationship are the cornerstone of a successful partnership. This dynamic collaboration entails both parties actively participating in various aspects of the business, from operational management to maintaining brand standards, fostering mutual growth and success.

Franchisor responsibilities include: 

  • Licensing the use of their logo and trade name
  • Location scouting and design
  • Financial guidance
  • Marketing and advertising support
  • Operational training and support

Franchisee (that’s you!) responsibilities include: 

  • The day-to-day operations of your business
  • Hiring and staffing 
  • Compensation 
  • Determining employment standards and practices
  • Disciplining employees when needed

Franchise vs Startup

It’s important to remember that a franchise is not a start-up. It involves way less risk but still takes dedication and passion.  

A startup is an independent business that starts from scratch. It usually requires substantial capital investments, and you’ll be on your own in terms of building your brand, customer base, etc. 

On the flip side, franchising provides access to an existing company with established processes and a customer base - meaning less risk for an entrepreneur looking to get into business ownership without having to figure everything out on your own. 

What is a Franchise?

Franchise as a Contractual Relationship

Let's talk some shop. Franchising is a contractual relationship between the franchisee and the franchisor. It’s important to note that when it comes to this type of business arrangement, there are particular rules and regulations in place. 

Legally speaking, the franchisor must disclose all required information about the franchise opportunity. It will be provided in a Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD). This includes details about fees, royalties, and other costs associated with owning a franchise. 

The disclosure document will also provide information on how to operate the business, as well as any restrictions that may be in place (e.g., geographic boundaries). 

The franchise agreement is effectively a contract between the two parties and should outline both their rights and responsibilities throughout the term of the agreement. Some points that are specific to a franchise licensing arrangement are: 

  • The franchisee pays a royalty fee
  • The franchisor provides support and continues to control certain parts of the business
  • The franchisor gives the franchisee the right to its trademarks
  • The franchisor provides marketing and operating methods for the franchisee

It’s also important to note that a franchise contract operates like a lease or rental. This means it’s temporary, usually lasting between five and 30 years. You won’t fully own your business and will likely face penalties if you violate the contract or attempt to terminate it prematurely. 

What are the Advantages of Owning a Franchise?

There are several reasons why you might want to jump in with the franchise model. Here are just a few!

Advantages of Owning a Franchise?

Pre-Established Success 

When you become a franchisee, you’re essentially buying into an established business model and brand. This means that the franchisor has already done much of the hard work for you in terms of creating products/services, developing marketing materials, and establishing processes - all you have to do is follow their lead and get to work!

Access to An Existing Customer Base 

Another big benefit of franchising is that the parent company will already have a loyal customer base. This means you’ll have an easier time getting customers and don’t need to spend nearly as much money or effort on marketing campaigns to draw in new business. 

Support From the Franchisor

The franchisor provides franchisees with training and guidance on how to operate their business, as well as ongoing support. This makes it easier for new franchise owners to hit the ground running instead of having to figure things out from scratch. It’s a little like having a mentor that helps you with everything from marketing to financial management. 

What are the Disadvantages of Owning a Franchise?

Nothing is perfect, and even though there’s a lot of opportunity to be had with franchising, there are also some things you should be aware of. 

Disadvanatages of Ownening a Franchise

High Initial Costs 

It’s no secret that buying into a franchise isn’t cheap - you have to pay an upfront fee as well as ongoing royalties. This can be difficult for those with limited funds, so it's important to weigh the pros and cons of your investment carefully before taking the plunge. 

Lack of Autonomy

When you become a franchisee, you don't get complete freedom in terms of how you operate your business. You must abide by the franchisor's rules and regulations, which may hamper creativity or limit certain aspects of how you run things.


Some franchises have become so popular that they’re now over-saturated markets. This can mean fierce competition and slimmer profits as customers have plenty of options to choose from. 


Franchising is a great business opportunity for aspiring entrepreneurs who are looking to start their own businesses. It offers the potential for quick success and growth while also providing support and guidance from experienced franchisees.

The key to success in franchising is finding the right fit for you - one that meets your goals, budget, and interests - and then working hard to make it successful. With the right mindset and dedication, franchising can be an incredibly rewarding experience that helps you chase down what you’re passionate about.

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